Articles by Title
Links to Articles
Psychiatric Inpatients: Alcohol Use and HIV Risk-Taking Behavior
John F. Aruffo, Anita Gottlieb. © Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 17(4):150-156, 1994.
The authors report a strong connection between increased risk taking behavior and risk of contracting HIV among adolescents hospitalized for emotional problems. The study examines the association between knowledge of AIDS, tolerance to people with AIDS and Locus of Control (LOC) - the perception that one has the ability to control one's life. It recommends that prevention programs for adolescents should address all high-risk behavior that have a bearing on sexual activity - like alcohol and drug use.
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Risk Behavior Among People with Serious
Mental Illness Jim A. Cates,
Gary R. Bond. © Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 17(4):19-29, 1994.
This study compares the knowledge, attitudes and risk behaviors of a group of individuals with serious mental illness with that of a community sample. The authors report no difference in knowledge and awareness between the two groups, but find that people with serious mental illness have a higher perception of risk and a lower level of self-efficacy where taking protective measures is concerned.
Approach to Supported Housing for People with Mental Illness
and HIV Disease Daniel J. Curley.
© Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Journal, 17(4):105-114, 1994.
This article presents a case study of integrating health care provision for people living with HIV/AIDS into a community-based independent living program for people with mental illness. This "psychosocial rehabilitation approach" is focused on developing a home and a sense of "community" for this specific group.
an AIDS Prevention Education Program for Personas With Developmental
Raymond Jacobs, Perry Samowitz, Joel M. Levy, and Philip H. Levy. Mental Retardation, 27(4):233-237, 1989.
This article discusses the Health Belief model as a foundation for creating AIDS prevention programs. It also explores some fundamental principles of education programs for persons with developmental disabilities. A prototype program is presented at the end.
and Psychiatric Clients with Developmental Disability
Joe Alford, John F. Aruffo. © Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 17(4):41-49, 1994.
This study presents the findings from a survey aimed at mental health care providers that work with "dually diagnosed" psychiatric patients suffering from developmental disability diagnosed with HIV. The study discusses provider perception of client risk and provides several recommendations to help set up programs to cater to this underserved population.
and TB Among People Who are Homeless and Mentally Ill
Paul Colson, Ezra Susser. © Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 17(4):157-160, 1994.
This article discusses the approach used by the Critical Time Intervention (CTI) Program in New York City to improve compliance and adherence to TB medication for homeless, mentally ill men placed in shelters. This model uses a "community surrogate" in addition to the CTI case manager to improve treatment completion rates in this incarcerated population. It recommends the application of the approach for HIV-positive patients as well.
Prevention: A Model for Educating the Inpatient Psychiatric
Frederic B. Tate, Ph.D., L.P.C., and Dan A. Longo, Ph.D. AIDS Patient Care and STD's. Volume 14, Number 6,325-331, 2000. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
While emphasizing the high risk for HIV amongst the psychiatric inpatient clients, this article recommends some practical tips and approaches, within a model, aimed at this particular target group. It might help answer some key questions for individuals or organizations interested in working with this particular group or seeking to design a behavioral intervention.
Assessment for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Clientele: Implications
for Community-Based Services Judith
A. Cook, Lisa Razzano. © Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 17(4):105-114, 1994.
This study was conducted in a community-based psychiatric rehabilitation program in the US with the objective of assessing the prevalence of HIV risk factors in the population. It addresses the sensitive issue of "who should be tested?" for HIV. In this sub-population, HIV-related services need to be carefully monitored due to possible interactions between anti-retroviral therapy and psychiatric medication. The paper recommends that agencies must be prepared to carry out HIV risk assessment and management along with independent living services.
Our Bodies, Our Relatives: An HIV Prevention Intervention for
Women With Severe Mental Illness (.pdf
at Journal of Urban Health articles)
Pamela Y. Collins, Pamela A. Geller, Sutherland Miller, Patricia Toro, and Ezra S. Susser. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 78(1):162-175, 2001.
This study introduces an innovative model - a talk show!- for a behavioral intervention addressing HIV prevention for a group of women with severe psychiatric illness. It demonstrates the effectiveness of a prevention program that includes correct usage of a female condom. While this "talk show" intervention is designed and evaluated for women with mental health concerns, the model may be applicable to other populations within the disability community.