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Intellectual Disabilities

Articles by Title

Developing an AIDS Prevention Education Program for Personas With Developmental Disabilities
Health-Risk Behaviors and Protective Factors Among Adolescents With Mobility Impairments and Learning and Emotional Disabilities
HIV and Psychiatric Clients with Developmental Disability
How Far to Gay? The Politics of HIV in Learning Disability
Sexuality and People with Intellectual Disabilities: A Historical Perspective
The Sexual Experience of Men with Learning Disabilities Having Sex with Men Issues for HIV Prevention

Resources

Introduction to sexuality education for individuals who are deaf-blind and significantly developmentally disabled Kate Moss and Robbie Blaha (English)
Resource list - sexuality, sexual assault and HIV/AIDS for the developmentally disabled



Links to Articles



Developing an AIDS Prevention Education Program for Personas With Developmental Disabilities
Raymond Jacobs, Perry Samowitz, Joel M. Levy, and Philip H. Levy. Mental Retardation, 27(4):233-237, 1989.
This article discusses the Health Belief model as a foundation for creating AIDS prevention programs. It also explores some fundamental principles of education programs for persons with developmental disabilities. A prototype program is presented at the end.
Health-Risk Behaviors and Protective Factors Among Adolescents With Mobility Impairments and Learning and Emotional Disabilities
Robert W. Blum, M.D., Ph.D., Anne Kelly, M.D., M.P.H., and Margorie Ireland, Ph.D. Reprinted from the Journal of Adolescent Health. 28(6):481-490 2001 with permission from The Society for Adolescent Medicine. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1054139X
This study provides a summary of the risk factors and protective factors for health outcomes in three disabled adolescent groups - adolescents with mobility impairment, learning disabilities and emotional disabilities. The study expands on the factors that create high and diminished risk as well as protect adolescents with disabilities from negative health outcomes. It provides a comprehensive discussion of behavioral scales, providing a good starting point for anyone interested in studying risk factors affecting individuals with disabilities.
HIV and Psychiatric Clients with Developmental Disability Joe Alford, John F. Aruffo. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 17(4):41-49, 1994.
This study presents the findings from a survey aimed at mental health care providers that work with "dually diagnosed" psychiatric patients suffering from developmental disability diagnosed with HIV. The study discusses provider perception of client risk and provides several recommendations to help set up programs to cater to this underserved population.
How Far to Gay? The Politics of HIV in Learning Disability Paul Cambridge. Disability & Society, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1997. pp. 427-453. http://www.tandf.co.uk.
The author argues the need for advocates and HIV /AIDS educators to be aware that some individuals with learning disabilities maybe homosexual, rather than heterosexual. This must be taken into consideration when designing intervention programs for people with learning disabilities. This study stresses several issues like tailoring the content of programs to men with learning disability who have sex with men, creating an integrative approach to organizational response to sexuality and HIV and prioritization of services within a "multi-agency approach".
Sexuality and People with Intellectual Disabilities: A Historical Perspective (link to Kluwer Online Journals)
Winifred Kempton, M.S.W., A.C.S.W., and Emily Kahn, M.Ed. Sexuality and Disability, 9(2):93-111, 1991.
This article is a good resource for anyone interested in the chronological development of theories and approaches to people with intellectual disabilities since the 18th century. The authors note that while we've come a long way since institutionalization and mass sterilization of individuals with intellectual disabilities, more work is needed in the field of policies and organizational responses to intellectual disabilities. The discussion provides a solid background for advocates and others who want some background for broader discussions and advocacy on issues of sexuality and rights of individuals with disability.

The Sexual Experience of Men with Learning Disabilities Having Sex with Men Issues for HIV Prevention (link to Kluwer Online Journals)
David Thompson. Sexuality and Disability, 12(3):221-242, 1994.
This qualitative study interviews men, with learning disabilities, who "cottage" (have sex with men in public spaces) and discusses their perceptions of risk and sexuality. It also emphasizes the importance of safer sex practices and the difficulties, for men with learning disabilities, in negotiating these practices.



Resources


Introduction to sexuality education for individuals who are deaf-blind and significantly developmentally disabled

Kate Moss and Robbie Blaha (English)

Published in September 2001, this book is a comprehensive overview of sex education covering topics like modesty, sexual health care, masturbation, touch boundaries etc. Aimed at parents and providers of deaf-blind children, it is well suited for a developed country audience. Although, it does not specifically mention HIV/AIDS, it provides a good discussion on many relevant issues for people designing HIV intervention programs. It also includes a good reference section at the end.

Click here to link to the file: PDF

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Resource list - sexuality, sexual assault and HIV/AIDS for the developmentally disabled


This is a listing of resources, with price listings and publisher information, for people working with individuals with developmental disabilities (intellectual impairments). E.g. sexuality, HIV, sexual assault. Most of the books and handbooks listed are applicable to the United States, but contain some ideas and information that can be used more broadly.

Click here to link to the website:
SexualHealth.com Resources

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